Abstract Title

Communism or Oil? Why the United States Changed Iran Forever.

Abstract

In 1953 the United States, with the assistance of England, ousted the Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and installed the Shah as ruler of Iran. This would have great significance in the future of the middle east and other scholars argue it is the root of modern terror. In my research I wanted to know why the United States agreed to help England to oust the Prime Minister. The United States had previously declined, asserting that a agreement should be made between the two countries to settle a oil dispute. In the end it was either the influence of resources, namely oil, that changed the United States original decision. Or it was the threat of communism in Iran. This was during the height of Cold War Tensions and for the United States that threat would be addressed more broadly worldwide after Eisenhower was elected President.

Modified Abstract

In 1953 the United States, with the assistance of England, ousted the Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and installed the Shah as ruler of Iran. This would have great significance in the future of the middle east and other scholars argue it is the root of modern terror. In my research I wanted to know why the United States agreed to help England to oust the Prime Minister. Was it the potential gain of resources, namely oil, in Iran. Or was it the threat of Communism in Iran?

Research Category

Political Sciences/Philosophy/History

Author Information

Emily GraydonFollow

Primary Author's Major

History

Mentor #1 Information

Dr. Matthew

Crawford

Start Date

April 2019

Research Area

Islamic World and Near East History | Military History | Political History | United States History

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Apr 9th, 1:00 PM

Communism or Oil? Why the United States Changed Iran Forever.

In 1953 the United States, with the assistance of England, ousted the Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and installed the Shah as ruler of Iran. This would have great significance in the future of the middle east and other scholars argue it is the root of modern terror. In my research I wanted to know why the United States agreed to help England to oust the Prime Minister. The United States had previously declined, asserting that a agreement should be made between the two countries to settle a oil dispute. In the end it was either the influence of resources, namely oil, that changed the United States original decision. Or it was the threat of communism in Iran. This was during the height of Cold War Tensions and for the United States that threat would be addressed more broadly worldwide after Eisenhower was elected President.