Title

Reducing Risk for Cardiovascular Disease: Negative Health Behaviors in College Students

Publication Title

Emerging Adulthood

Publication Date

2-2015

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1177/2167696814536894

Keywords

health behavior, health promotion, health, college, prevention

Disciplines

Cardiovascular Diseases | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Health Psychology | Psychology | Public Health Education and Promotion

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be the leading cause of death in America despite contributions from largely preventable, behaviorally based risk factors. Four of the primary behavioral risk factors are poor diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and alcohol abuse. These negative health behaviors are highly prevalent in American college students, a subgroup of emerging adults. Thus, this article aims to propose a new conceptual framework for understanding the need for prevention and intervention of CVD in emerging adults. Following a brief review of the recent literature on the prevalence and nature of these behaviors in college students, existing and potential interventions are discussed with the goal of identifying targets for CVD prevention in young adults. As emerging adults, college students are uniquely situated for behavior change, as their environment and life stage provide the ideal opportunity to reform negative and develop healthy behaviors that will reduce their risk for CVD development.

Publisher

Sage

Publisher Location

Thousand Oaks, CA


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