Factors Related to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Readmission in Taiwan

Publication Title

Western Journal of Nursing Research

Publication Date


Document Type





readmission, chronic pulmonary disease, logistic regression, taiwan




This study examines the relationships among physiological, psychological, and social factors and hospital readmission to develop a model predicting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) readmission for 145 patients with COPD following hospital discharge at 14 days and 90 days in Taiwan. Daily functioning, comorbidity, severity of illness, self-efficacy, depressive symptoms, and perceived informal support were regressed on hospital readmission. Daily functioning was the only significant variable to predict COPD readmission at 90 days in the Taiwan population living in a rural area. Age was significantly correlated with 14 days readmission. Post hoc analyses examined differences in three ethnic groups. Mainlanders perceived less family support, had higher depressive symptoms and lower daily functioning than the majority culture Fukiens and Hakkas, or the Aborigines. The study reinforced the need for identification of cultural differences and low functioning as risk factors for early readmission so they can be addressed in discharge planning.