Background: First aid can reduce death, injury and suffering, but little is known about the characteristics of those who actually give and receive it. The aim of this study was to conduct a first aid behavior survey of a large adult population in the United Kingdom.

Methods: A survey (web and postal) of adults was conducted between 2013 and 2015 as part of the Yorkshire Health Study. Two questions were asked about their first aid behavior: whether participants had administered first aid and if yes, their relationship to the first aid recipient.

Results: Of the 13,584 adults who responded, 11.6% reported having given first aid to someone in the previous year, of whom three quarters (76.3%) knew the recipient. Women, those aged 26-45, those with 2-4 children, and people on higher incomes were more likely to report having given first aid. Although young people were less likely to provide first aid, they were more likely to have assisted strangers.

Conclusion: Despite the limitations of this study, analysis of this dataset provides a profile of self-defined first aiders in Yorkshire, UK. The findings can be used to inform the development of future population based interventions such as targeted first aid education, providing a foundation for future research.

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