Applied Physics Letters
Optical metamaterials capture the imagination with breathtaking promises of nanoscale resolution in imaging and invisibility cloaking. We demonstrate an approach to construct a metamaterial in which metallic nanorods, of dimension much smaller than the wavelength of light, are suspended in a fluid and placed in a nonuniform electric field. The field controls the spatial distribution and orientation of nanorods because of the dielectrophoretic effect. The field-controlled placement of nanorods causes optical effects such as varying refractive index, optical anisotropy (birefringence), and reduced visibility of an object enclosed by the metamaterial.
Golovin, Andrii B. and Lavrentovich, Oleg (2009). Electrically Reconfigurable Optical Metamaterial Based on Colloidal Dispersion of Metal Nanorods in Dielectric Fluid. Applied Physics Letters 95(25). doi: 10.1063/1.3278442 Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.kent.edu/cpippubs/85