One Thousand-Hour Long Term Characteristics of A Propane-Fueled Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hot Zone

Publication Title

Journal of Power Sources

Publication Date


Document Type





propane-fueled solid oxide fuel cell hot zone


Chemical Engineering


One thousand-hour continuous test of a propane-fueled portable solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) based hot zone has been successfully performed in order to assess the degradation characteristics of its performance. Comparing the different operating modes, the degradation rate based on constant current mode was three times lower than that based on constant voltage mode. The stack power output initially increased 3.7% during the first 34 h probably due to electrode activation processes improving cell performance under polarization during the early stage of operation, and then gradually decreased. It has been clearly illustrated that operating condition of constant current is more beneficial to the long term performance test. Further, based on thermodynamics analysis, the electromotive force of nickel oxidation is 13.2 V for the stack voltage at the stack temperature of 740 °C. From the initial current–power curve data, it can be derived that if the hot zone durability test was performed at constant current of 9 A from the beginning, the stack degradation rate would be 15% per 1000 h. The 1000-h durability test and analysis can better understand how to run longer term stability on the hot zone and guide the optimization of hot zone operating conditions.