Title

Ceria Catalyst for Inert-Substrate-Supported Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Running on Methane Fuel

Publication Title

Journal of Power Sources

Publication Date

5-15-2016

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.02.079

Keywords

ceria catalyst, inert-substrate-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cells, methane fuel, porous yttria-stabilized zirconia supporter, electrolyte, cathode, porous YSZ supporter layer, cerium nitrate impregnation, electrochemical performance, polarization property, stability, current density

Disciplines

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology | Cell and Developmental Biology | Chemistry | Engineering | Life Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Abstract

A ceria catalyst is applied to an inert-substrate supported tubular single cell for direct operation on methane fuel. The tubular single cell comprises a porous yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) supporter, a Ni-Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9anode, a YSZ/Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 bi-layer electrolyte, and a La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ cathode. The ceria catalyst is incorporated into the porous YSZ supporter layer by a cerium nitrate impregnation. The effects of ceria on the microstructure and electrochemical performance of the tubular single cell are investigated with respect to the number of impregnations. The optimum number of impregnations is determined to be four based on the maximum power density and polarization property of the tubular single cell in hydrogen and methane fuels. At 700 °C, the tubular single cell shows similar maximum power densities of ~260 mW cm-2 in hydrogen and methane fuels, respectively. Moreover, the ceria catalyst significantly improves the performance stability of the cell running on methane fuel. At a current density of 350 mA cm-2, the single cell shows a low degradation rate of 2.5 mV h-1 during the 13 h test in methane fuel. These results suggest the feasibility of applying the ceria catalyst to the inert-substrate supported tubular single cell for direct operation on methane fuel.

Publisher

Elsevier

Publisher Location

Elsevier B.V. Registered Office: Radarweg 29, 1043 NX Amsterdam, The Netherlands,


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