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Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics

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cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, synemin, intermediate filament protein, cytoskeleton, cell signaling, cardiac myocyte


Biochemistry | Biological and Chemical Physics | Cellular and Molecular Physiology


Targeting of protein kinase A (PKA) by A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) contributes to high specificity of PKA signaling pathways. PKA phosphorylation of myofilament and cytoskeletal proteins may regulate myofibrillogenesis and myocyte remodeling during heart disease; however, known cardiac AKAPs do not localize to these regions. To identify novel AKAPs which target PKA to the cytoskeleton or myofilaments, a human heart cDNA library was screened and the intermediate filament (IF) protein, synemin, was identified as a putative RII (PKA regulatory subunit type II) binding protein. A predicted RII binding region was mutated and resulted in loss of RII binding. Furthermore, synemin co-localized with RII in SW13/cl.1-vim+ cells and co-immunoprecipitated with RII from adult rat cardiomyocytes. Synemin was localized at the level of Z-lines with RII and desmin in adult hearts, however, neonatal cardiomyocytes showed differential synemin and desmin localization. Quantitative Western blots also showed significantly more synemin was present in failing human hearts. We propose that synemin provides temporal and spatial targeting of PKA in adult and neonatal cardiac myocytes.