Abstract Title

In Black and White: The Achievement Gap and the Integration of Schools

Abstract

This is a literature review that will represent the first step toward a proposal for independent research. It will explore the Black-White gap in academic achievement in order to gain insight into what factors might contribute to fostering or narrowing the gap. Additionally, the literature review will explore what the achievement gap is, the context in which it occurs, and the extent of the gap. The importance of this research is to identify differences in achievement of black students who attend predominantly White schools and inner city Black schools. Specifically, it will seek to gain insight into academic achievement gaps occurring in schools that are predominantly White and schools that are predominantly Black. Through analysis of previous research the literature review identifies the current state of the academic achievement gap between Black students and their White counter parts. An analysis of the data has shown that there are many factors contributing to the academic achievement gap between black and white students including: socioeconomic status, environment, and teacher pedagogy. Many measures have been put in place to address the gap, but it persists largely due to socioeconomic depression and social stratification. In sum, data reveals that while the academic achievement of African American students has seen no significant change since 2008, the academic achievement gap between African American students and their white counterparts continues and represents an ongoing impediment towards the progress of African American youth.

Modified Abstract

This is a literature review that will represent the first step toward a proposal for independent research. It will explore the Black-White gap in academic achievement, detailing what the achievement gap is, the context in which it occurs, and the extent of the gap. The importance of this research is to identify differences in achievement of black students who attend predominantly White schools and inner city Black schools. An analysis of the data has shown that there are many factors contributing to the academic achievement gap between black and white students including: socioeconomic status, environment, and teacher pedagogy. In sum, data reveals that the academic achievement gap persists largely due to low socioeconomic status and social stratification.

Research Category

Social Science/Education/Public Health

Primary Author's Major

Criminology & Justice Studies/Criminology

Mentor #1 Information

Dr. Julie Globokar

Presentation Format

Roundtable

Roundtable Moderator

Ms. Samantha Durr

Start Date

March 2016

Research Area

Educational Sociology | Inequality and Stratification | Race and Ethnicity | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Sociology

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Mar 15th, 1:00 PM

In Black and White: The Achievement Gap and the Integration of Schools

This is a literature review that will represent the first step toward a proposal for independent research. It will explore the Black-White gap in academic achievement in order to gain insight into what factors might contribute to fostering or narrowing the gap. Additionally, the literature review will explore what the achievement gap is, the context in which it occurs, and the extent of the gap. The importance of this research is to identify differences in achievement of black students who attend predominantly White schools and inner city Black schools. Specifically, it will seek to gain insight into academic achievement gaps occurring in schools that are predominantly White and schools that are predominantly Black. Through analysis of previous research the literature review identifies the current state of the academic achievement gap between Black students and their White counter parts. An analysis of the data has shown that there are many factors contributing to the academic achievement gap between black and white students including: socioeconomic status, environment, and teacher pedagogy. Many measures have been put in place to address the gap, but it persists largely due to socioeconomic depression and social stratification. In sum, data reveals that while the academic achievement of African American students has seen no significant change since 2008, the academic achievement gap between African American students and their white counterparts continues and represents an ongoing impediment towards the progress of African American youth.