Abstract Title

Convergent Validity of the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness

Abstract

Interoceptive awareness (IA), or the perception of visceral signals, plays a crucial role in healthy cognitive and affective functioning; for example, accurate perception of visceral signals has been linked to improved emotion regulation, decision making, and cognitive reappraisal. Traditionally, IA has been viewed as a unitary construct; however, recent research suggests that there may be subtle differences in aspects of body awareness. The Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), a recently developed self-report measure, is designed to capture such differences. Although the MAIA performed well when compared to other questionnaires designed to measure body awareness and showed adequate internal consistency (α = 0.66 - .82), research has yet to examine the relationship between the MAIA and objective measures of IA. Thus, the current study examined the convergent validity of the MAIA by investigating its relationship to performance on the Schandry Task, a validated, behavioral measure of IA which requires participants to silently count their heart beats. Although both the Schandry Task and the MAIA indices evidenced meaningful and theoretically predictable correlations with other study measures (e.g., Body Awareness Questionnaire, Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire, Ruminative Response Scale), preliminary results revealed no significant correlation between Schandry performance and MAIA indicators, suggesting that further research is needed to elucidate the re

Research Category

Psychology

Primary Author's Major

Psychology

Mentor #1 Information

Dr. David M. Fresco

Mentor #2 Information

Mr. Ryan J. Lackner

Presentation Format

Poster

Start Date

11-3-2015 1:00 PM

End Date

11-3-2015 5:00 PM

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Research Area

Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Convergent Validity of the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness

Interoceptive awareness (IA), or the perception of visceral signals, plays a crucial role in healthy cognitive and affective functioning; for example, accurate perception of visceral signals has been linked to improved emotion regulation, decision making, and cognitive reappraisal. Traditionally, IA has been viewed as a unitary construct; however, recent research suggests that there may be subtle differences in aspects of body awareness. The Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), a recently developed self-report measure, is designed to capture such differences. Although the MAIA performed well when compared to other questionnaires designed to measure body awareness and showed adequate internal consistency (α = 0.66 - .82), research has yet to examine the relationship between the MAIA and objective measures of IA. Thus, the current study examined the convergent validity of the MAIA by investigating its relationship to performance on the Schandry Task, a validated, behavioral measure of IA which requires participants to silently count their heart beats. Although both the Schandry Task and the MAIA indices evidenced meaningful and theoretically predictable correlations with other study measures (e.g., Body Awareness Questionnaire, Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire, Ruminative Response Scale), preliminary results revealed no significant correlation between Schandry performance and MAIA indicators, suggesting that further research is needed to elucidate the re