Title

Terminology Registries for Knowledge Organization Systems: Functionality, Use, and Attributes

Publication Title

Journal of the Association for Information Science & Technology

Publication Date

9-2014

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1002/asi.23090

Keywords

information resources management, information retrieval, research, knowledge management, access to information, cataloging, metadata, subject headings

Disciplines

Cataloging and Metadata | Collection Development and Management | Library and Information Science

Abstract

Terminology registries (TRs) are a crucial element of the infrastructure required for resource discovery services, digital libraries, Linked Data, and semantic interoperability generally. They can make the content of knowledge organization systems (KOS) available both for human and machine access. The paper describes the attributes and functionality for a TR, based on a review of published literature, existing TRs, and a survey of experts. A domain model based on user tasks is constructed and a set of core metadata elements for use in TRs is proposed. Ideally, the TR should allow searching as well as browsing for a KOS, matching a user's search while also providing information about existing terminology services, accessible to both humans and machines. The issues surrounding metadata for KOS are also discussed, together with the rationale for different aspects and the importance of a core set of KOS metadata for future machine-based access; a possible core set of metadata elements is proposed. This is dealt with in terms of practical experience and in relation to the Dublin Core Application Profile.