Cognitive Adaptation Theory and Breast Cancer Recurrence: Are There Limits?
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
cognitive adaptation theory, breast cancer, quality of life, benefit finding
Relations of the components of cognitive adaptation theory (self-esteem, optimism, control) to quality of life and benefit finding were examined for 70 women (91% Caucasian) diagnosed with Stage I, II, or III breast cancer over 5 years ago. Half of these women experienced a recurrence within the 5 years; the other half remained disease free. Women were matched on age, race, stage of disease, and intervention condition. Baseline perceptions of personal control over illness, but not general self-esteem or optimism, were associated with women’s reports of worse physical functioning, worse mental functioning, and less benefit finding 5 years later for recurrent women but not disease-free women. These findings highlight the notion that there may be boundary conditions on the adaptiveness of perceived control.
Tomich, Patricia L. and Helgeson, Vicki S. (2006). Cognitive Adaptation Theory and Breast Cancer Recurrence: Are There Limits?. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 74(5), 980-987. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.74.5.980 Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/psycpubs/79