Title

Olfactory Learning and Memory Impairments Following Lesions to the Hippocampus and Perirhinal-entorhinal Cortex

Publication Title

Behavioral Neuroscience

Publication Date

4-2003

Document Type

Article

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7044.117.2.304

Keywords

olfactory discrimination, learning, memory, hippocampus, perirhinal-entorhinal cortex, lesions, rats

Disciplines

Psychology

Abstract

The role of the hippocampus and perirhinal-entorhinal cortex was examined in an olfactory discrimination paradigm. Small neurotoxic lesions of the hippocampus (21% tissue damage) yielded relatively unimpaired olfactory retention across brief (30 s), intermediate (approximately 5 min), and 24-hr delays, whereas impairments were noted at 5-day retention intervals. Larger hippocampal lesions (63% tissue damage) spared memory at intermediate delays, with no impact at 8-day retention intervals. Aspiration lesions directed at the perirhinal-entorhinal cortex produced a variable performance pattern, with impairments noted at intermediate, 24-hr, and 5-day delays. Results suggest the hippocampus is not specifically involved in retaining olfactory information, with additional consideration given to the relationship between lesion size and memory impairment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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