Liquid Crystals, Steady State, Transition, Scattering, Surfactant, Selection, Alignment, Behavior, Fluids
Small-angle neutron scattering was employed to study the effect of shear flow on the nematic (N) and lamellar (L(alpha)) phases in aqueous solutions of cesium perfluoro-octanoate. Shear rates as high as similar to 4000 s(-1) were used. The N phase was found to align with the director in the direction of the gradient velocity. The L, phase oriented with lamellae parallel to the shear plane. This change in equilibrium orientation is attributed, primarily, to changes in the value of the Ericksen viscosity parameter at. Subtle shear-rate-dependent director reorientations were also observed in the proximity of the N-to-L(alpha) phase transition.
Mang, J. T.; Kumar, Satyendra; and Hammouda, B. (1994). Discotic Micellar Nematic and Lamellar Phases Under Shear-Flow. Europhysics Letters 28(7), 489-494. doi: 10.1209/0295-5075/28/7/006 Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/phypubs/26