Publication Title

Physical Review E

Publication Date

6-12-2014

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevE.89.062504

Keywords

columnar molecular aggregation, aqueous solutions, disodium cromoglycate

Disciplines

Physics

Abstract

Stack, chimneylike, and threadlike assemblies have previously been proposed for the structure of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) aggregates in aqueous solutions. The results of the synchrotron x-ray scattering investigations reported here reveal the formation of simple columnar assemblies with π-π stacking at a separation of 3.4 A between the DSCG molecules. Lateral separation between the assemblies is concentration ˚ and temperature dependent, varying from 35 to 42 A in the orientationally ordered nematic ( ˚ N) phase and from 27 to 32 A in the columnar or middle ( ˚ M) phase having long range lateral positional order. The assemblies’ length depends on concentration and consists of 23 molecules in the N phase, becoming three to ten times larger in the M phase. The scission energy is concentration dependent in the N phase with values 7.19 ± 0.14 kBT (15 wt %), 2.73 ± 0.4 kBT (20 wt %), and 3.05 ± 0.2 kBT (25 wt %). Solutions of all concentrations undergo a spinodal decomposition at temperatures above 40 °C, resulting in DSCG-rich regions with the M phase and water-rich regions in the N and isotropic phases. DO


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