Physical Review Letters
Disclinations, Distortion, Nematics, Energy
Analysis of the Frank free energy for nematics confined to cylindrical regions indicates that the director pattern is dependent on the surface elastic constant K24 if there is weak normal anchoring and escape along the cylinder axis. Using deuterium nuclear-magnetic-resonance techniques on samples of submicrometer-size cavities in Nuclepore membranes, we report the first measurement of K24.
Allender, David W.; Crawford, G. P.; and Doane, J. W. (1991). Determination of the Liquid-Crystal Surface Elastic-Constant K24. Physical Review Letters 67(11), 1442-1445. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.67.1442 Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/phypubs/12