Title

Examining the Relationship Among Ambulatory Surgical Settings Work Environment, Nurses’ Characteristics, and Medication Errors Reporting

Publication Title

Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing

Publication Date

12-2015

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1016/j.jopan.2014.11.014

Keywords

medication error reporting, safety climate, ambulatory surgical settings

Disciplines

Nursing | Perioperative, Operating Room and Surgical Nursing

Abstract

Purpose

To describe work environment characteristics (leadership style and safety climate) of ambulatory surgical settings and to examine the relationship between work environment and nurses' willingness to report medication errors in ambulatory surgical settings.

Design

Descriptive correlational design using survey methodology.

Methods

The sample of this study consisted of 40 unit-based registered nurses, working as full time, part time, or as needed in four ambulatory surgical settings affiliated with one health care system located in Northeast Ohio.

Findings

The results of two separate regression analyses, one with three nurse manager's leadership styles and another with five safety climate dimensions as independent variables, explained 44% and 50%, respectively, on variance of nurses' willingness to report medication errors.

Conclusion

To increase nurses' willingness to report medication errors, ambulatory surgical settings administrators should invest in nurse manager leadership training programs and focus on enhancing safety climate aspects, particularly errors feedback and organizational learning.