Publication Title

SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics

Publication Date

2006

Document Type

Article

Keywords

sparse spanners, tree spanners, graph distance, balanced separator, graph decomposition, chordal graphs, c-chordal graphs, message routing, efficient algorithms

Disciplines

Computer Sciences

Abstract

In this paper we introduce a new notion of collective tree spanners. We say that a graph G=(V,E)admits a system of $\mu$ collective additive tree r-spanners if there is a system T(G) of at most $\mu$ spanning trees of G such that for any two vertices x,y of G a spanning tree T\in \cT(G) exists such that d_T(x,y)\leq d_G(x,y)+r. Among other results, we show that any chordal graph, chordal bipartite graph or cocomparability graph admits a system of at most log2n collective additive tree 2-spanners. These results are complemented by lower bounds, which say that any system of collective additive tree 1-spanners must have $\Omega(\sqrt{n})$ spanning trees for some chordal graphs and $\Omega(n)$ spanning trees for some chordal bipartite graphs and some cocomparability graphs. Furthermore, we show that any c-chordal graph admits a system of at most log2n collective additive tree (2\lfloor c/2\rfloor)-spanners, any circular-arc graph admits a system of two collective additive tree 2-spanners. Towards establishing these results, we present a general property for graphs, called (\al,r)$-decomposition, and show that any $(\al,r)$-decomposable graph G with n vertices admits a system of at most $\log_{1/\al} n$ collective additive tree $2r$-spanners. We discuss also an application of the collective tree spanners to the problem of designing compact and efficient routing schemes in graphs. For any graph on n vertices admitting a system of at most $\mu$ collective additive tree r-spanners, there is a routing scheme of deviation r with addresses and routing tables of size $O(\mu \log^2n/\log \log n)$ bits per vertex. This leads, for example, to a routing scheme of deviation $(2\lfloor c/2\rfloor)$ with addresses and routing tables of size $O(\log^3n/\log \log n)$ bits per vertex on the class of c-chordal graphs.

Comments

Copyright 2006 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

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