Physical Review E
Although the liquid-crystal research is well established in science, there are newly emerging exciting systems, that deserve extensive basic studies. One of these areas is the research of the bent-shaped molecules (so-called "banana liquid crystals"), which have delicate chirality and polarity properties. In this paper we show that these materials also have very unusual rheological features, such as the formation of stable fluid fibers and bridges. Under electric fields, these objects present striking mechanical effects, such as horizontal and transversal vibrations. Studies indicate that the research of banana-liquid-crystal fibers may lead to new type of artificial muscle systems.
Jákli, Antal; Krüerke, Daniel; and Nair, Geetha G. (2003). Liquid Crystal Fibers of Bent-Core Molecules. Physical Review E 67(5). Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/cpippubs/56