Publication Title

Journal of Materials Chemistry

Publication Date

9-8-2009

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1039/b911652d

Keywords

banana-shaped mesogens, nematic phase, polarization, coefficients

Disciplines

Physics

Abstract

We have measured the electric current induced by mechanical distortion of a calamitic liquid crystal elastomer (LCE) swollen with a low molecular weight bent-core nematic (BCN) liquid crystal, and have determined, for the first time, the bend flexoelectric coefficient e(3) of such a BCN-LCE composite. In one method, we utilise air-pressure to induce a mechanical bend deformation and flexoelectric polarization in a BCN-LCE film, and then measure the polarization current as a function of time. An alternative technique uses a rotary-motor driven scotch yoke to periodically flex the BCN-LCE; in this case, the magnitude and phase of the induced current are recorded via a lock-in amplifier. The flexoelectric coefficient, e(3), was found to be similar to 20 nC/cm(2), and is stable in magnitude from room temperature to similar to 65 degrees C. It is about one third the value measured in samples of the pure BCN; this fraction corresponds closely to the molar concentration of BCN in the LCE. The flexoelectric current increases linearly with the magnitude of the bend deformation and decays with frequency. These observations indicate a promising way forward towards producing very low-cost, self-standing, rugged electromechanical energy conversion devices.

Comments

Available on publisher's site at http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b911652d.


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