Physical Review Letters
liquid-crystals, computer-simulations, droplets, phase, transition, lattice, model
Monte Carlo (MC) simulations based exclusively on nearest-neighbor intermolecular interactions reveal the existence of stable long-range deformations and topological defects in a thin nematic film confined between two surfaces with antagonistic (normal and tangential) molecular orientations. Thus the MC technique allows one to describe a delicate balance of bulk elasticity and surface energy usually treated only with macroscopic theories.
Chiccoli, C.; Lavrentovich, Oleg; Pasini, P.; and Zannoni, C. (1997). Monte Carlo Simulations of Stable Point Defects in Hybrid Nematic Films. Physical Review Letters 79(22), 4401-4404. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.79.4401 Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/cpippubs/216