Physical Review E
short-range order, disodium-Cromoglycate, light-scattering, orientational order, water-systems, na-23 Nmr, Lyomesophases, spectroscopy, Mesophases, resonance
We have studied isotropic-to-nematic pretransitional fluctuations in an aqueous solution of disodium cromoglycate (cromolyn) by static and dynamic light scattering. Cromolyn is a representative of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals with building units being elongated rods formed by aggregates of disk-like molecules. By combining light-scattering and viscosity measurements we have determined the correlation length and relaxation time of the orientational order-parameter fluctuations and estimated the size of the cromolyn aggregates. The pretransitional behavior of light scattering does not completely follow the classic Landau-de Gennes model. This feature is most probably associated with the variable length of cromolyn aggregates. We have observed a dramatic increase of the shear viscosity near the transition to the nematic phase, the fact which correlates with the idea of growing supramolecular aggregates. The steep temperature dependence of the viscosity is accompanied by a practically temperature-independent translational diffusion coefficient.
Nastishin, Yuriy A.; Shiyanovskii, Sergij V.; Lavrentovich, Oleg; Kostko, A. F.; and Anisimov, M. A. (2004). Pretransitional Fluctuations in the Isotropic Phase of a Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystal. Physical Review E 70(5). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.70.051706 Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/cpippubs/200