Publication Title

Physical Review E

Publication Date

4-14-2003

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevE.67.041704

Keywords

soft mode, spectroscopy, polarization, polymer, star

Disciplines

Physics

Abstract

The temperature and frequency dependent dielectric relaxation behavior of a liquid crystalline (S)-(+)-1-methylheptyl 4-[2-(4-alkoxyphenyl) thiophene-5-carbonylthiooxy] benzoate system is reported. Interesting successive antiferroelectric-ferroelectric-antiferroelectric (AF-FE-AF) phase transitions are observed in this system resembling the successive phase transitions observed in crystalline Rochelle salt. The smectic-C*(SmC*) to AF1 phase transition (around 103.0 °C) is first order in nature, predicted from the use of Orihara and Ishibashi theory. It is also found that a contribution of the ferroelectric SmC* phase ordering penetrates even in the antiferroelectric AF1 (SmCA*) and AF2 (SmCA*) phases very close to the SmC*-AF1 and SmC*-AF2 phase boundaries (critical regions). It is suggested that this type of mixing of AF and FE phases might cause surface induced ferroelectric- or ferroelectric-type ordering near the AF-FE phase transitions. A soft mode with Debye-type dispersion was observed in the SmA phase. The thermal behaviors of dielectric dispersion, absorption, and dielectric strength in different phases are also reported and discussed.

Comments

Copyright 2003 American Physical Society. Available on publisher's site at http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.67.041704.


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