Physical Review E
banana-shaped molecules, computer-simulation, order
We develop a Landau theory for bend flexoelectricity in liquid crystals of bent-core molecules. In the nematic phase of the model, the bend flexoelectric coefficient increases as we reduce the temperature toward the nematic to polar phase transition. At this critical point, there is a second-order transition from high-temperature uniform nematic phase to low-temperature nonuniform polar phase composed of twist-bend or splay-bend deformations. To test the predictions of Landau theory, we perform Monte Carlo simulations to find the director and polarization configurations as functions of temperature, applied electric field, and interaction parameters.
Shamid, Shaikh M.; Dhakal, Subas; and Selinger, Jonathan V. (2013). Statistical Mechanics of Bend Flexoelectricity and the Twist-Bend Phase in Bent-Core Liquid Crystals. Physical Review E 87(5). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.87.052503 Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/cpippubs/105