Title

Impacts of a Therapeutic Environment for Dementia Care

Publication Title

American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease

Publication Date

1997

Document Type

Article

DOI

10.1177/153331759701200302

Keywords

dementia, therapy, environmental design, residential housing

Disciplines

Architecture | Environmental Design | Other Architecture

Abstract

This study explores the association ofphysical environments with the behaviors and care ofpeople with dementia. In order to have a comparative understanding, environmental settings of a traditional nursing facility and an innovative dementia care unit on the same campus were selected. Behavioral observations were done on 12 residents before and after their move ftrom the traditional facility to the dementia care unit. Resident and staffusage and behaviors in the shared spaces were systematically recorded and analyzed Findings include increased use ofthe activity spaces, increased social interaction among the residents, and more interactive than assistive behavior between the staff and residents